The researchers found evidence of the sperm containing the SARS-CoV-2 on the six men from a group of 38 patients COVID-19 at the Hospital of the City of Shangqiu in China who is providing the sample. SARS-CoV-2 is the abbreviation of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, the virus that causes COVID-19.
The sixth man, including four men who are still infected and the other two are in recovery.
The researchers say that their findings new the early stages, and only based on a small number of infected men. According to them, required more study to see if sexual transmission may play a role in pandemic COVID-19.
“More research is needed with respect to the detailed information about the release of the virus, the survival time, and the concentration in the semen,” wrote a team of scientists in a study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, as quoted by Reuters, Friday (8/5/2020).
“If it can be proven that SARS-CoV-2 can be transmitted sexually…(it) may be an important part of prevention,” they said.”Especially given the fact that SARS-CoV-2 detected in the sperm of patients who recovered.”
Independent experts said the findings were interesting but should be viewed with caution, especially in the context of the small study other have not found corona virus in the sperm.
A small study earlier than 12 patients COVID-19 in China in February and March found that all tested negative for the SARS-CoV-2 on the sperm sample.
Allan Pacey, professor of andrology at Sheffield University in England, said the study should not be seen as conclusive, because there are some technical difficulties in test of sperm to the virus.
He said the presence of SARS-CoV-2 in sperm did not show whether it is active and capable of causing infection.
“However, we need not wonder if the virus that causes COVID-19 found in the sperm of some men, because this has been shown with many other viruses such as Ebola, and Zika,” he said.
Sheena Lewis, a professor of reproductive medicine at Queen’s University Belfast, stressed that this is “the study of very small” and said its findings according to the research of other small shows low or no SARS-CoV-2 in the test sperm sample.
“However, the long-term effects of SARS-CoV-2 in male reproduction are not yet known,” he said.